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Concerns

What type of disorder are you being treated for?

Is your disorder under control?

What signs and symptoms do you experience when your disorder is not under control?

What types of medications are you taking?

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What type of disorder are you being treated for?

Commonly encountered psychiatric disorders are major depressive disorders (MDDs), and bipolar disorders (BDs).

MDD has a strong association with chronic illnesses, physical impairment after a stroke, and substance abuse.

Is your disorder under control?

Untreated bouts of MDD may last 6 months or longer and may undergo spontaneous remission.

BD is usually treated throughout the life of the patient. Antipsychotic medications are used during the acute stages of the disease but may be discontinued when the patient is better controlled. Patients with BD have characteristic acute episodes of manic and depressive behavior. Recurrent episodes may be interspersed with normal mood behaviors (euthymia).

What signs and symptoms do you experience when your disorder is not under control?

Common signs and symptoms:

Major Depression

  • Agitation or anxiety, alteration in appetite, fatigue, feeling down, helplessness, hopelessness, anhedonia, irritability or anger, sadness, sense of guilt, thoughts of suicide

Bipolar Disorders

  • Extreme mood swings from mania to depression
  • Examples: euphoria, grandiosity, restlessness, loud, rapid speech patterns, frustration, irritability, anger, rage, auditory hallucinations, delusions, dysphoria, anhedonia, guilt, suicidal thoughts

What types of medications are you taking?

MDDs are treated with antidepressants and psychotherapy. In severe cases, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is used.

BDs are treated with mood stabilizers, antipsychotics, and benzodiazepines. Cases refractory to medication may be treated with ECT.

Most of the medications mentioned above are associated with oral side effects.

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